March 12th, 2021
Assistance – On the History of Assistive Ensembles
The category of assistive technologies is often discussed as a political category (Alper 2017), as they invoke connotations such as “in need of help” with respect to the respective users* (Mills 2015; Kotsch 2012; Ott 2014). In the 2nd convention of the DFG-funded scientific network “Dis-/Abilities and Digital Media”, the concept of assistance will be historically situated and questioned. The aim of this 3-days-workshop at Leuphana University is to problematize the question of what meanings have been attributed to the concept of assistance in the context of dis/abilities in the history of digital media and what place the term takes in current debates about bodies with varying abilities.
The tensions between specific possibilities and barriers posed by digital assistance technologies will be the core issue of the meeting. Therefore, the interaction of discourses on assistive devices and practices with assistive devices will be considered from different perspectives and disciplines. Approaching the topic will be based on empirical studies ranging from the history of computers to contemporary practices of augmentative communication via speech computers, in order to discuss the significance of ensembles of assistive technologies. By exploring the interactions between different areas of life in which assistive technologies are developed and used in everyday practice, it shall help to gain a broad understanding of the socio-political significance of assistance.
On March 18 (6:00-7:30 pm (CET)), Meryl Alper (Northeastern University) will be giving the keynote “Critical Media Access Studies: Examining the Benefits and Limits of Accessibility in Mediated Spaces”. The benefits of “accessible” media and technology for people with disabilities are rarely questioned, nor considered within broader critical/cultural frameworks. In her talk, based on an article recently published in the International Journal of Communication, she makes a contribution to the field of communication by proposing critical media access studies to further define a growing area of inquiry into contested notions of mediated access, drawing on work from disability media studies and critical access studies in architectural design.
Her proposal for critical media access studies is furthered through a case study of physical spaces designed for media engagement for young people, from museum exhibits to movie theaters, that provide “autism-friendly” programming. Qualitative analysis of interviews and observations with autistic children and their families, as well as participant observation in such sites, reveals ideological assumptions, frictions, and contradictions underpinning cultural accessibility. Critical media access studies can offer communication scholars valuable theoretical and conceptual tools for deconstructing power, visibility, and marginality in mediated space.
Meryl Alper is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Communication Studies at Northeastern University, where she studies the social and cultural implications of communication technologies, with a focus on disability and digital media, children and families’ technology use, and mobile communication. She studied communication sciences and history at Northwestern University, and at the University of southern California, where she earned her Ph.D. in communication. Her works include among others, Digital Youth with Disabilities (MIT Press, 2014) and Giving Voice: Mobile Communication, Disability, and Inequality (MIT Press, 2017), which was awarded a 2018 PROSE Award Honorable Mention from the Association of American Publishers and the 2018 Outstanding Publication in the Sociology of Disability Award from the American Sociological Association. Her work is situated at the intersection of communication studies, science and technology studies, and disability studies and she also draws on her professional experience in educational children’s media as a researcher, strategist, and consultant with Sesame Workshop, PBS KIDS, Nickelodeon, and Disney.
German Sign Language Interpretation will be provided during the public talks. For any further accessibility requirements. Email to psander [at] leuphana.de
Please contact Maximilian Mohr to receive the link for the Zoom video conference to join the public discussion and keynote. Email: shkmedas [at] leuphana.de
Jan Müggenburg (Lüneburg)
Philipp Sander (Lüneburg)
Robert Stock (Berlin)
Andreas Wagenknecht (Berlin)
as parts of the scientific network “Dis-/Abilities and Digital Media”
Mills, Mara (2015): Technology. In: Rachel Adams, Benjamin Reiss, David Serlin (Eds.): Keywords for Disability Studies. New York/London: New York University Press, pp.176–179.
Alper, Meryl (2017): Giving Voice: Mobile Communication, Disability, and Inequality. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.
Alper, Meryl: Critical Media Access Studies: Deconstructing Power, Visibility, and Marginality in Mediated Space. In: International Journal of Communication 15(2021), pp. 840–861.
Kotsch, Lakshmi (2012): Zur Interaktionsordnung in der persönlichen Assistenz körperbehinderter Menschen. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
Ott, Kathrine (2014): Disability Things: Material Culutre and American Disability History, 1700-2010. In: Susan Burch and Michael Rembis (Eds.): Disability Histories. Chicago Ill.: University of Illinois Press, pp. 119-135.